Christianna Brand’s Inspector Cockrill appeared in almost a score of novels, short stories, and even a play, most of which were published in her lifetime. Crippen & Landru have done us a service in preserving all of the short stories that saw publication — and more.

From the back cover blurb:


Christianna Brand (the pseudonym of Mary Christianna Milne Lewis, 1907-1988) was a supreme mistress of the classic detective story, with twists and turns, and all the clues fairly given to the reader.

The wizened, bird-like Inspector Cockrill of the Kent police starred in GREEN FOR DANGER, one of the greatest detective novels to emerge from World War II, but THE SPOTTED CAT is the first collection of all of the short stories about him. Five of the stories have never previously appeared in a Brand volume, and one of them is published here for the first time. The book also includes a genuine find, a previously unpublished three-act detective drama featuring Cockrill.

Despite a few typos (e.g., “does” for “dose,” “desert” for “dessert”) and some problematic punctuation, this book can be highly recommended.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

THE SPOTTED CAT AND OTHER MYSTERIES FROM INSPECTOR COCKRILL’S CASEBOOK (2002) – By Christianna Brand (1907-1988) – Edited by Tony Medawar – Short Story/Play Collection: 11 Selections – Trade Paperback – Crippen & Landru – 220 Pages


Introduction (“In and Out of Darkness”) (12 pages) by Tony Medawar: A well researched article about Brand’s life and progress as a writer.

1. “Inspector Cockrill” (1978) (5 pages) by Christianna Brand: The author writes an amusing but affectionate biographical sketch of her most famous character, patterned closely after her father-in-law, a medical doctor. “He [Cockie] is not one for the physical details of an investigation: ‘meanwhile his henchmen pursued their ceaseless activities’ writes his creator, not too sure herself exactly what those would be; and he is content to leave fingerprint powder and magnifying glass to the experts, using their findings in a process of elimination, to get down to the nitty-gritty from there on. He has acute powers of observation, certainly; a considerable understanding of human nature, a total integrity and commitment, much wisdom; and as we know a perhaps overlong experience of the criminal world ….

“Above all — he has patience.” True, “he will have compassion for the guilty”; nevertheless, “he can be forthright and stern …. There is no false sentiment about Chief Inspector Cockrill, none at all.”

2. “After the Event” (EQMM: January 1958 as “Rabbit out of Hat”)

In a famous play by Shakespeare, Othello strangles his (reputedly) faithless wife; back in the 1920s, an actor playing Othello at the time apparently did the same thing in the lady’s dressing room backstage.

An unnamed Great Detective reminisces about the case to a group of acquaintances, among them Inspector Cockrill, who predictably pokes holes in the speaker’s handling of the situation, much to the Great Man’s chagrin. Among the clues either underappreciated or wrongly interpreted, Cockie adduces the slap across Bianca’s face, the knock on the dressing room door, the victim’s wearing a dressing gown at the time she died, just who was in charge of the theatre company, the age of the accused murderer, and the real reason why the actors stalled for time shortly after the body was discovered.

One should always remember, as Cockrill does, that theatrical people have been known to put on an act …

Inspector Cockrill, cracking walnuts and irritating the Great Man, is an armchair detective in this story.

3. “Blood Brothers” (EQMM: September 1965)

Brotherly love, like all relationships, seems to have its limits. Two siblings — identical twins — have been with the same girl, competing for her affections; but now, it seems, she is pregnant by one of them. The situation is further complicated by several factors: The girl knows that one of the brothers has killed a small boy in a hit-and-run; she is also married to a huge brute doing time in one of HM’s prisons but due soon for release; and one of the siblings harbors enough hatred to let the other take the fall for first-degree murder. Inspector Cockrill — who enters in the last third of the story — simply lets things take their natural and inevitable course, as David and Jonathan rapidly degenerate into Cain and Abel … with a twist.

Instead of being told in the third person, this story is narrated by one of the brothers.

4. “The Hornet’s Nest” (EQMM: May 1967 as “Twist for Twist”)

When wealthy Cyrus Caxton — a nasty piece of work, that one — does a Brodie face first into his half-eaten peach, no one of his acquaintance is moved to shed a tear, save his attractive wife. Inspector Cockrill is called in and confronts a fine set of likely suspects: Caxton’s new bride, Elizabeth (“the Virgin Queen,” muses Cockie); Cyrus’s “stout and lethargic” son, Theo; Caxton’s shunned step-son, Bill (“an engaging sort of chap”); the dead man’s physician, Dr. Ross; and an assortment of wedding guests and hangers-on. The means is well-known, but the motive and who had the best opportunity to administer the coup de grace are murky, at best; the Inspector, Ellery Queen-like, proposes two plausible solutions before pouncing on a third, actual one.

Elizabeth comments on Cockie’s method: “He’s — he’s sort of teasing us; needling us, trying to make us say something.” Presciently, the Inspector early in his investigation remarks: “There has been a plan here, doctor: no simple matter of a lick of poison scraped out of a fortuitous tin, smeared on to a fortuitous peach-in-liqueur; but a very elaborate, deep-laid, long-thought-out, absolutely sure-fire plan.”

5. “Poison in the Cup” (EQMM: February 1969)

CASE HISTORY: Stella Harrison is a small-town doctor’s wife more than a little bored with her lot in life; her husband Richard, a painfully honest individual, seems oblivious to her incipient disaffection — and equally unaware of her secret love for his partner, Frederick Graham. A nurse at the hospital, Ann Kelly, however, makes no secret of her undying love for Stella’s husband, staging dramatic scenes here, there, and everywhere in an attempt to gain even a modicum of his sympathy; she even claims the baby she’s carrying is Richard’s. Ann makes a fatal mistake, though, when she decides to stage a bogus suicide attempt in Dr. Harrison’s surgery …. DIAGNOSIS: Murder. PROGNOSIS: Life in prison for a killer who remembers every detail but one ….

The murderer’s identity is never in doubt; we see the crime committed. The interest lies in how Chief Inspector Cockrill, a la TV’s Columbo, will trip up the perp — because this killer uses the truth as a cover.

6. “The Telephone Call” (EQMM: January 1973 as “The Last Short Story”)

The best-laid plans do often go off the tracks, don’t they? A young man short of money conceives an intricate plot to acquire a lot of it in a hurry; his girlfriend half-jokingly suggests it: “You’ll have to murder your rich Aunt Ellen”; and he improves it: “Yes, and let Cousin Peter swing for it — if he did, I’d scoop the lot.” And so he carefully begins building two alibis, one for himself and a negative one for the hapless Peter: Make sure the phone is off the hook; switch shoes with his cousin for incriminating footprints at the crime scene; collect an ashtray with Peter’s fingerprints and fresh ashes from his brand of cigarettes to be found at the scene; and arrange to be seen and heard talking to Aunt Ellen on someone else’s telephone at the exact moment she is shot. And it all works beautifully — except for one thing, and you don’t have to be Detective Inspector Cockrill to figure it out.

The bulk of this story is told in the form of a written confession.

7. “The Kissing Cousin” (WOMAN: June 2, 1973)

Cranky old Aunt Adela has millions, but true to form she is parsimonious and secretive about her wealth. Her niece Franca doesn’t really care if she inherits — but there’s someone she knows who is greatly interested in the old lady’s money, someone willing to kill for it. Could it be Franca’s brother, Bill; Keeper, the cowardly mastiff; Alan, the blue-eyed bhoyo; Maureen, the splendid redhead; or kissing cousin Robert, who is supposed to be in far-off Australia? When Aunt Adela is found dead, her house ransacked for a missing will, Chief Inspector Cockrill zeroes in on Franca: “You inherit,” he says. “And you hold the only key to the door.” But the killer already has Franca marked for murder, and knows as well the secret that Keeper is harboring ….

It seems Cockie doesn’t really solve this one, and takes no active part in apprehending the murderer; he is almost a secondary character here.

8. “The Rocking-Chair” (THE SAINT MAGAZINE: August 1984)

Taking a break from a village fete “on a boiling hot afternoon” to have “a little booze-up,” the Duchess of St. Martha’s Island retires to her castle with Miss Maud Trumble, “rich and famous author of dozens of really quite terrible books,” and Chief Inspector Cockrill. Seemingly gripped by a feeling of guilt, Miss Trumble, “mildly squiffy,” relates her involvement in the unresolved Case of the Three Dead Ladies: “three women lying dead, spread out like a trefoil clover-leaf, their poor heads forming the centre point. Shot at very close range, three shots fired, no more — almost certainly by one or other of themselves; but the weapon so splashed with blood that no finger-prints could be lifted from it. Two quiet, pleasant, harmless sisters, known to everyone on the island; and a younger woman known to nobody anywhere.” Cockie and the Duchess both prove able armchair detectives by “solving” this fifteen-year-old case.

“It was like a detective story, thought the Duchess, where the clues are placed not so much squarely before the reader as slightly obliquely, so that they come out as not quite what in fact they are.” Just so.

9. “The Man on the Roof” (EQMM: October 1984)

English village life is normally uneventful, but not today: The much-despised and suicidal Duke of Hawksmere seems at long last to have followed through with his oft-delayed promise to do himself in — “a good, straight-forward suicide,” thinks Chief Inspector Cockrill, “heralded by the gentleman himself. And from what he had heard, there would be few to mourn the passing of the sixth Duke of Hawksmere — very few indeed.” If only it were that simple. The dearly deceased, consistent with the burdensome pattern of his life, has managed to die under most perplexing circumstances that suggest he was murdered; to wit, he seems to have expired in a classic “locked room.” The Dowager Duchess, a cousin of the victim, asks: “So where’s the mystery? Where’s your locked room?” To which Cockie, in frustration, replies: “The locked room is the lodge, locked in, as it were in all that untrodden snow. A man dead in the lodge, very recently dead, death instantaneous, from a gun-shot wound at close range. And the mystery is very easy to state and not at all easy to answer. The mystery is — where is the gun? — because it isn’t lying there close to his right hand where it ought to be, and it isn’t anywhere else in the lodge and it isn’t anywhere outside in all the snow.” As in “The Hornet’s Nest,” Cockie devises two plausible scenarios — but the actual solution, one not of his devising, comes as an exasperating — and exasperatingly simple — surprise to both him and the unsuspecting reader. It is just as well for Cockie’s blood pressure that “sudden death is not a commonplace in quiet little Hawksmere, nestling under the calm shadow of the castle up the hill.”

“The Man on the Roof” can also be found in Thomas Godfrey’s ENGLISH COUNTRY HOUSE MURDERS (1989), pages 423-456 in the mass market paperback edition.

10. “Alleybi” (“This story, published in this volume for the first time, was probably written in the mid-1950s.”)

A short-short story (one and a half pages) that should serve as a warning to all investigating officers not to get tunnel vision whenever someone’s alibi is in doubt.

11. “The Spotted Cat: A Play in Three Acts” (“Previously unpublished; written in 1954-1955. Brand considered turning it into a novel but abandoned the idea.”)

Things aren’t going particularly well for barrister Graham Frere these days: His legal prowess is failing, he’s experiencing problems with alcohol, and he is beginning to think he’s going crazy. At first he doesn’t realize that not all of his troubles are of his own making, that people close to him — under his very roof — are subtly pushing him towards madness, or possibly suicide. They have already murdered once, however, so even that option isn’t off the table. The conspirators themselves share a love-hate relationship, as evidenced by one telling the other:

“We’re bound together for ever now, you and I.”
“Nothing binds us.”
“Fear binds us.”
“It doesn’t bind me.”

… and:

“When I look at you — coldly and sanely — I’d as soon put my love and trust in a cobra.”

Nice people! But the conspiracy falters when the worm turns and murder is prescribed ….

This play is a mixture of GASLIGHT and DOUBLE INDEMNITY with just a dash of Patricia Highsmith. Brand spoofs herself in one exchange:

LONDON PARTICULAR was a book — that woman who wrote GREEN FOR DANGER.”
“I know it was. I couldn’t read a word of it.”

Note: This review first appeared on Steve Lewis’s Mystery*File weblog.